Our profile today is of Thai Lee (b. 1958). Ms. Lee is an Thai-born, Korean-American businesswoman. She is the co-owner, CEO, and President of SHI International, which is the largest woman-owned business in the United States.
Thai Lee was born in Bangkok, Thailand. She immigrated to the United States to attend high school, going on to Amherst College, majoring in Biology and Economics. In 1985, she became the first Korean woman to graduate from Harvard Business School with a...n MBA.
SHI International is an IT provider with high profile clients, like Boeing and AT&T. The company, as of 2018, was worth $7.6 billion, with Ms. Lee holding a net worth of $1.6 billion. Ms. Lee and her now ex-husband acquired a software reseller in 1989 for $1 million. This company was the predecessor to her current business. Prior to her entrepreneurship, she worked at Proctor & Gamble, and American Express.
Ms. Lee has stated that she had absolutely no interest in "gadgets" or "technology," prior to buying her first software reseller. But what she did offer, and what she continues to offer both her customers and her employees, is a working partnership. She empowers her customers, through extensive customer service, to reach out about not only their technological problems, but their future technological needs - she once had a company request to purchase their computers exclusively through SHI International, despite the fact that SHI International did not sell computers at the time. And she empowers her employees to make decisions about customer care on their own - when approached about "the computer opportunity," she told her employees to make their own choices. When they decided to try to make it happen, she spent the entire weekend with her team helping them to figure out how to fulfill the computer orders. Which they did, successfully, by that Monday morning. That client is SHI International's third largest client to this day.
Ewalt, D. (2015). The modest tycoon behind America's biggest woman-owned business. Forbes.com Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/…/2015/05/27/thai-lee-shi-internat…/…
Our profile today is of Henrietta Lacks (August 1, 1920 – October 4, 1951). Henrietta Lacks, born Loretta Pleasant, was an African American woman whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, the first immortalized cell line and one of the most important cell lines in medical research. An immortalized cell line will reproduce indefinitely under specific conditions, and the HeLa cell line continues to be a source of invaluable medical data to present day.
Lacks was ...the unwitting source of these cells from a tumor biopsied during treatment for cervical cancer at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S., in 1951. These cells were then cultured by George Otto Gey who created the cell line known as HeLa, which is still used for medical research. Medical consent was not practiced at that time, so no consent was obtained to culture her cells, nor was she or her family compensated for their extraction or use.
The HeLa line played a part in testing of the polio vaccine in 1954. Jonas Salk had formulated a vaccine against the then-widespread polio virus in 1952, but he was unable to make it available to at-risk children until the vaccine had been thoroughly tested for safety and efficacy. Great quantities of human cells had been unavailable for testing during much of the vaccine's development process, and the use of HeLa cells allowed researchers to test the vaccine on human, rather than monkey, cells that had been infected with the polio virus. This was the first of many medical interventions that would not have been possible without Henrietta Lacks' cells.
This medical miracle is not without controversy, as almost all of the medical advances afforded to the world by the HeLa line made mass amounts of money, none of which has been awarded to her descendants or estate. Henrietta Lacks' family started as former slaves, working the tobacco farm of their former owners, and they remain impoverished without the ability to collect retroactive fees for the cell line.
Sources: "Henrietta Lacks." Encyclopedia of World Biography, vol. 31, Gale, 2011. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K1631009594/BIC1…. Accessed 13 Mar. 2018.
Image credit: Henrietta Lacks. Photography. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/139_2018841/1/139_2018841/cite. Accessed 13 Mar 2018
Just wanted to remind students about our FREE movies each month, as a part of the Online Film Club! In honor of 20 Years of Online Learning, we are doing a March DOUBLE-FEATURE!
To access, log into Blackboard on Chrome and click: https://my.berkeleycollege.edu/…/c…/listContentEditable.jsp…
Our profile today is of Elena Kagan (b. 1960) - Associate Justice Kagan is the 4th woman to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States of America.
Kagan was born and raised in New York City. She attended Princeton, then Oxford, and, finally, Harvard Law. She began her career as a professor at the University of Chicago Law School, leaving to serve as Associate White House Counsel, and later, under President Clinton, served as a policy adviser. After a nomination to the Un...ited States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, which expired without action, she became a professor at Harvard Law School and was later named its first female Dean.
In 2009, Kagan became the first female Solicitor General of the United States. On May 10, 2010, President Barack Obama nominated her to the Supreme Court and in August 2010 was confirmed to the Supreme Court.
Justice Kagan is known for her straightforward opinions, written in a style intended to be understood by lawyers and laypeople alike. She argues against the concern about an increasingly politicized, and has been quoted affirming that "more than half of the court's rulings are unanimous."
Our profile today is of Sonia Sotomayor (b. 1954) - Associate Justice Sotomayor is the first justice of Hispanic descent, as well as the first serving Lantina Justice.
Justice Sotomayor is of Puerto Rican descent, gradauted summa cum laude from Princeton University, and while at Yale, attending for her Juris Doctor (JD), she was an editor of the Yale Law Journal. In 1991, Justice Sotomayor was appointed to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York by Pres...ident George H. W. Bush.
Since August 6, 2009, Associate Justice Sotomayor has served on the Supreme Court of the United States, after a successful appointment by President Barack Obama. Though Justice Sotomayor is considered one of the Liberal Justices currently sitting on the bench, she has written many opinions and dissents that appear to have no bias one way or the other. Her rulings tend to favor a wider interpretation of the constitution, that seeks to include women and minorities in the protections that are extended to white males. She also favors reform of the criminal justice system, and extends great concern for the rights of defendants.
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In honor of Women's History Month:
Our first influential woman is Ruth Bader Ginsburg (b. 1933)! Ruth Bader Ginsburg is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, appointed by Pres. Bill Clinton in 1993. She is the second appointed female justice, after Sandra Day O'Connor. She is currently one of three serving female justices, including Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan. Justice Ginsburg often leans toward a liberal interpretation of the Constitution, and she has authored many... forceful dissents, as well as influential and notable majority opinions.
Justice Ginsburg, a graduate of Cornell University, initially studied at Harvard Law, but transferred to Columbia Law when her husband accepted a position in New York City, where she graduated tied for first in her class. She has also served as a professor for Rutgers School of Law and her Alma Mater, Columbia. She served on the board of directors of the American Civil Liberties Union throughout the 1970s, and was appointed by President Carter to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980, where she served until her Supreme Court appointment.
Profile: Mae Jemison (b. October 17, 1956) is the first African American woman to travel in space. She is a physician, engineer, dancer, and a NASA Astronaut.
After graduating from Cornell Medical College in 1981, Mae Jemison interned and then practiced in Los Angeles. In 1983, Ms. Jemison joined the Peace Corps, and served in Liberia and the Sierra Leone. After Sally Ride opened the doors for women in the Space Program, Ms. Jemison applied. Unfortunately, the Challenger dis...aster set Ms. Jemison's acceptance into the program back by several years, but in 1987, she received her call to officially join NASA.
Ms. Jemison flew in space from September 12 to 20, 1992 on a cooperative mission between the United States and Japan, named STS-47. Mae Jemison was a co-investigator of two bone cell research experiments, one of 43 investigations that were done on STS-47. Jemison also conducted experiments on weightlessness and motion sickness on herself and six other crew members.
Born: August 04, 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Other Names: Obama, Barack Hussein, Jr.
Author, politician, lawyer, 44th President of the United States of America....
First African American president of the Harvard Law Review; author, autobiography, Dreams From My Father, 1992; appeared on various TV shows; auth, The Audacity of Hope Crown, 2006; First African American Democratic presidential nominee, 2008; first African American president of United States, 2009; first sitting U.S. President to preside over a meeting of the United Nations Security, 2009;
First sitting president to stand up for marriage equality, and is fighting for equal pay and a woman's right to make her own health decisions; First president born outside the continental United States.
For many young Americans, Barack Obama is one of the only presidents they have known. His policies helped to shape their formative lives, particularly in the areas of marriage equality and a woman's right to choose. His universal healthcare law, the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare") though controversial at the time, has reshaped the American healthcare model. His influence, as an African-American, will be felt for years to come.
"Barack Hussein Obama II, Dr." Who's Who Among African Americans, Gale, 2017. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K1645545957/BIC1…. Accessed 15 Feb. 2018. collapse
Attached image: No description set. 142_2304290.jpg Click to open full-page preview.
At Berkeley College Online, we LOVE doing something for someone else…
So, this Valentine’s Day, let’s share some of the love with children who aren’t able to participate in their Valentine’s Day card swap at school because they are in the hospital. Create a card for one of these children (or a bunch of kids) by clicking here: https://give.childrens.com/valentines-day-cards
It takes under two minutes and voila, a child’s day will be brighter! We invite you to join us in this simple, yet meaningful, gesture!
Activist profile: Roxanne Gay
Roxanne Gay (b. 1974) is an African-American author, professor, editor, and commentator. Her most famous work is "Bad Feminist," which is a collection of her essays. In it, "Gay explained her role as a feminist and how it has influenced her writing: "In each of these essays, I’m very much trying to show how feminism influences my life for better or worse. It just shows what it’s like to move through the world as a woman. It’s not even about femin...ism per se, it’s about humanity and empathy" (Feeney, 2014). She also often discusses the intersection of her race and her gender, which has propelled her to the "millennial feminist icon" eschelon.
Please log in to Blackboard to hear an interview with Roxanne, from NPR's "All Things Considered" broadcast (January 2017)
Feeney, Nolan (August 5, 2014). "Roxane Gay's Bad Feminist Is a "Manual on How to Be a Human"". Time. Retrieved February 12, 2018. collapse
Jack Roosevelt Robinson (1919-1972) was the first African American of the 20th century to play major league baseball.
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, the son of a sharecropper. After his father deserted his mother, the family moved in 1920 to Los Angeles. Robinson attended Muir Technical High School, where his athletic feats opened college doors. At Pasadena Junior College and at the University of California at Los Angeles, he won acclaim in b...asketball, football, and baseball. In 1941, when family financial problems forced him to leave the University of California without a degree, he played professional football. In 1942 he enlisted in the Army and in 1943 was commissioned a second lieutenant. He served as a morale officer, and his opposition to racial discrimination led to a court-martial for insubordination, but he was acquitted.
In 1944 Robinson began a professional baseball career, playing with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro Major League. His performance in the east-west championship games (1945) interested Branch Rickey, general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, who was scouting black players. A baseball innovator, Rickey knew that civil rights laws would soon end segregation in major league baseball, and he chose Robinson as a test case for integrating the sport. In 1946 Robinson signed a Dodger contract and was assigned to the Montreal team of the International League. Cautioned to prove himself worthy because other black players' futures depended on his success, Robinson maintained a subdued posture. He achieved stardom with the Dodgers, a team he joined in 1947, and in 1949 won the National League's batting championship and its Most Valuable Player Award.
With the admission of other African Americans to baseball, Robinson began to aggressively advocate more honest integration. His exposés of racial prejudice in baseball helped better the lot of black players but also branded him a troublemaker. He retired from the sport in 1956 and went into business. His lifetime batting average of .311 and his leadership prompted sportswriters in 1962 to vote him membership in Baseball's Hall of Fame.
As a businessman, Robinson fought for increased civil rights and economic opportunity for African Americans. For his civil rights work he received the Spingarn Medal from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1956. He died suddenly on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut.
"Jack Roosevelt Robinson." Encyclopedia of World Biography, Gale, 1998. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com.ezproxy.library.berkeley.org/…/BI…. Accessed 8 Feb. 2018.
Our first athlete profile of Black History Month is someone you may not be familiar with, but she is one of the most important athletes in history - the first female, black athlete to win an Olympic medal.
Alice Coachman (1923-2014) was born in Albany, Georgia, and became the first black, female athlete to win an Olympic medal in the 1948 London Olympics for her 5'6 and 1/8" high jump.
Alice grew up in the segregated South, and was denied opportunities to train and compete i...n organized sporting events, so she improvised her training, running barefoot on dirt roads and utilizing old equipment to improve her high jump. Even barefoot, Coachman was still able to break the standing AAU high jump records at the time. Even before Alice enrolled in college, she was already the national champion in four track and field events. Unfortunately, her time on the Olympic stage was set back several years by World War II. Eventually, though, Coachman was able to take her place on top of the Olympic podium, securing two historical firsts - not only the first medal won by a female, black athlete, but the first gold medal!
As the Winter Olympics start tomorrow, we honor Alice Coachman today.
Langston Hughes (born James Mercer Langston Hughes,1902-1967)
Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri in 1902, and is best known for his innovations in poetry, and for his leadership in the Harlem Renaissance. He was also a novelist, social activist, playwright, and columnist. He is perhaps best known for his jazz poetry - a new style of the Harlem Renaissance that emphasized "jazz-like rhythm" or "a feeling of improvisation."
His literary works are renowned for breakin...g with the tradition of esoteric, inward-facing writings, by speaking directly to his audience using humor, music, and the experiences of those around him to paint vivid pictures of life for African Americans of the time. His works are key to understanding the 1920's and later, the civil rights movement.
African-American writer and poet Richard Wright was born on September 4, 1908, in Roxie, Mississippi, and published his first short story at the age of 16. Later, he found employment with the Federal Writers Project and received critical acclaim for Uncle Tom's Children, a collection of four stories. He’s well known for the 1940 bestseller Native Son and his 1945 autobiography Black Boy. Wright died in Paris, France, on November 28, 1960.
Learn more about Richa...rd Wright: https://www.biography.com/people/richard-wright-9537751
Poet, Author, Journalist (1908–1960)