Word of the Day

남다 [nam-da]: to be left, to stay behind, to remain

Conjugated form: 남아요, 남았어요


1) 음식이 "남았어요."
Food is left.

2) 숙제 안 했으니까 "남아"서 하고 가요.
Since you didn't do your homework, stay and finish and then go.

3) 우리는 "남아" 있는 숲을 지켜야 한다.
We must protect the forest that remains.

See More

Hi Everyone!

Sorry I haven't posted any lesson for a while. It's been very busy.

It's been soooooo cold in Korea. - 20 C in the morning and - 10 C in the afternoon. Finally, we are expecting 0 C tomorrow. 😝


We are also expecting Winter Olympics starting on February 9th. Are you planning to watch the games? Which game do you look forward to the most?

평창 동계 올림픽이 2월 9일에 열립니다.

- 평창 Pyeongchang 동계 winter season 올림픽 Olympic
2월 9일 February 9th 에 on 열립니다. opens

See More
Korean Lessons updated their cover photo.
Image may contain: outdoor

Are there any English teachers out there that can help our friends at ESL List by reviewing any schools you've worked for?

Your review will also help other teachers find the best schools to work for!

#reviews #ESL #teaching #schools ESL List | School Reviews (blacklist / whitelist)

Image may contain: text
ESL List

We're making it easier for you to review with 1,000+ schools added to ESL List! #esllist #reviews #ESL

Family members

Mom: 엄마, Dad: 아빠
Mother: 어머니, Father: 아버지
Daughter: 딸, Son: 아들 ...
Older sister: 언니(girls' speaking), 누나 (boys' speaking)
Older brother: 오빠 (girls' speaking), 형(boys' speaking)
Younger siblings: 동생 (younger brother - 남동생, younger sister - 여동생)

Grandma: 할머니, Grandpa: 할아버지
* Maternal Grandma, Grandpa - 외할머니, 외할아버지
* Paternal Grandma, Grandpa - 친할머니, 친할아버지

Aunts - 이모 (mother's sisters), 고모 (father's sisters)
Uncles - 이모부 (이모's husband), 고모부 (고모's husband), 삼촌 (mother and father's brothers), 큰아빠 (father's older brother once he's married), 작은아빠 (father's younger brother once he's married)
More Aunts - 큰엄마 (큰아빠's wife), 작은엄마 (작은아빠's wife)

Cousin - 사촌

See More

내일 한국은 선거일이에요.
누가 대통령이 되든, 국민을 위해 일하는 대통령이 되길 바래요.

It's an election day tomorrow in Korea.
Whoever gets elected, I hope he works for the people of Korea. (not for himself)


선거일 election day
대통령 president
국민 people (of a country)
바라다 to hope

See More

One of my students told me about this site. Check it out.

you to learn how to speak Korean. Rather, it is designed to teach you how to speak Korean – plain and simple – from your very first steps all the way to being able to speak Korean fluently. Other websites provide lessons that you can use to supplement to your learning, but they do not provide

Words on the current news title

北김정은 이복형 김정남, 말레이시아 공항서 독침 맞고 피살

The first letter means "North" in Chinese...
이복형 half-brother
공항서 (공항에서) at the airport
독침 맞다 get hit by poison needle
피살 (피살되다) assassinated

North Korean leader, Kim Jong Eun's half-brother Kim Jong Nam got assassinated by a poison needle at an airport in Malaysia.

See More

How to say "who, which, whom" in Korean

In Korean, we use "은, 는, 을" depending on the tense for who, which, whom.
If you want to say "a person who is going home", it will be "집에 가는 사람" - use 는 for present tense
If you want to say "a person who went home", it will be "집에 간 사람" - use ㄴ or 은 for past tense ...
If you want to say "a person who is going to or will go home", it will be "집에 갈 사람" - use ㄹ or 을 for future tense

You can easily use this when you introduce someone.

이 쪽은 Ashley인데 저하고 같은 학교에 다니는 친구예요.
This is Ashley and she's my friend who goes to the same school with me.

See More

What do you all think about the South Korean president's scandal?

Why is the Asian country constantly mired in allegations of political dishonesty?

<How to say "It's getting dark," "It got dark" in Korean?>

Just put 져요 after an adjective. Dark in Korean is 어두워, so put 져요 after that. "어두워져요" is how you say "It's getting dark"

Now you want to say that in the past tense, put 졌어요 after an adjective. "어두워졌어요" is how you say "It got dark"


Other examples,
추워져요 - It's getting cold 추워졌어요 - It got cold
예뻐졌어요 - (someone or something) became pretty
가까워졌어요 - It got close, It became close

See More

I ran across this person who teaches Korean (also some Japanese and Chinese). His videos are pretty funny and interesting.

'#현충일 오늘은 60번째 현충일- 대한민국 위해 희생하신 모든 분들께 늘 감사하며 살겠습니다'
데이브 ( Dave )
21,281 talking about this

<Korean news titles today>

"경주서 규모 5.8 지진후 일주일만에…분노가 정부로 향한 이유는"
"A week after the size 5.8 earthquake...the reason rage is heading towards the government"


경주 - kyeongju is a city in the north of Kyeongsang province
규모 - size
지진 - earthquake
일주일 - a week
분노 - rage
정부 - government
향하다 - to go(head) towards
이유 - reason

There was a size 5.8 earthquake in Kyeongju on Sep. 12th, but the restoration work is very slow, so the people of Keongju are getting impatient.

See More

If you ever want a Korean lesson one on one through Skype, I offer lessons for 30 USD per hour. Please send me a message if you are interested!

Intermediate Grammar - Direct Quotation and Indirect Quotation

<Direct Quotation>
소영: 저 배고파요. I'm hungry.
은지: 소영 씨가 뭐라고 했어요? What did Soyoung say?...
민수: 소영 씨가 "저 배고파요."라고 했어요. Soyoung said "I'm hungry".

<Indirect Quotation>
소영: 저 배고파요. I'm hungry.
은지: 소영 씨가 뭐라고 했어요? What did Soyoung say?
민수: 소영 씨가 배고프다고 했어요. Soyoung said she's hungry.

As you can see, we use 라고 했어요 for direct quotation, and use 다고 했어요 for indirect quotation. Now, let's learn indirect quotation in-depth.

There are 4 indirect quotation connectors.
1) 다고 했어요, 라고 했어요 - for quoting plain statement.
2) 라고 했어요 - for quoting a command.
3) 자고 했어요 - for quoting a suggestion.
4) 냐고 했어요 - for quoting a question.

엄마: 방 치워라! Clean your room!
딸: 엄마가 뭐라고 했어? What did mom say?
아들: 엄마가 방 치우라고 했어. Mom told you to clean your room.

은지: 같이 밥 먹자! Let's eat together.
민수: 은지가 뭐라고 했어? What did Eunji say?
소영: 은지가 같이 밥 먹자고 했어. She suggested to eat together.

엄마: 너 어디에 있니? Where are you?
딸: 엄마가 뭐라고 했어? What did mom say?
아들: 엄마가 너 어디에 있냐고 했어. She asked where you are.

See More

Our friends over at ESL List ( just re-launched their website ( and asked if we could help spread the word.

Please take a few minutes to check it out and help other teachers out there by reviewing your ESL job.

Many thanks,

Education Website
ESL List's photo.
ESL List