The Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán announced at World Congress of Families, held in Budapest of intended plan of action in an effort to encourage women of childbearing ages to have more children. This is interesting information for countries with below Replacement Level Fertility.
This is the summary:
- Any female who owes a student debt will have her outstanding balance cut by 50% if she gives birth to 2 children. With 3 children or more, her entire student debt will ...be forgiven.
- Parents who give birth to 3 children will see the outstanding mortgage on their home decline by 1 million forints. Each additional child will result in a subsidy of 1 million forints per newborn, to be applied to the outstanding mortgage balance.
- The government will build and develop new nurseries and day care programs.
- Parents with at least two children can expect new tax benefits, although the prime minister did not reveal further details on this aspect of the action plan.
- The government will also establish a research institute to study demographics and ways to increase the country’s population.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT:
“We need to recognise that slowing population growth is one of the most cost-effective and reliable ways of easing pressure on our environment and securing a sustainable future for us all.”
— Lionel Shriver, journalist, author & Population Matters patron
The younger a woman is when she first gives birth, the longer her total child-bearing period and the more children she is likely to have. This, too, increases the risks to the life and health of both mothers and children.
Median age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups - that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. South Africa's median age is 26.5 (26 years and 6 months) as at 2015.
Birth Spacing refers to the time interval from one child's birth date until the next child's birth date. After a live birth, the recommended interval by WHO (World Health Organisation) before attempting the next pregnancy is at least 24 months in order to reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal and infant outcomes.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. In general it analyzes how societies progress, stagnate, or regress because of their local or regional economy, or the global economy.
Poverty is defined in either relative or absolute terms.
- Absolute poverty measures poverty in relation to the amount of money necessary to meet basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter
- Relative poverty defines poverty in relation to the economic status of other members of the society: people are poor if they fall below prevailing standards of living in a given societal context.
The Maternal mortality rate (MMR)
It is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes).
South Africa is at number 38 spot out of 184 countries with 300 deaths as at 2010.
The current world population of 7.2 billion is projected to increase by 1 billion over the next 12 years and reach 9.6 billion by 2050, according to a United Nations report, which points out that growth will be mainly in developing countries, with more than half in Africa.
It should be noted that population growth in developing and poorer countries means more socio economic challenges.
The statistics are of huge concern. This is a must read.
REPLACEMENT LEVEL FERTILITY
Refers to the average number of children born per woman and at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next without migration. This rate is roughly 2.1 children per woman for most countries, although it may modestly vary with mortality rates. In most industrialised countries it's equivalent to 2 children per woman while in some developing to poorer countries or countries in conflict or countries with high mortality (death) 3 children per woman is sufficient.
As part of BRICS ( Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and being the most industrialised country in Africa, South Africa falls under 2 children per woman.
In coming days we will embark on an educational drive here. We will provide you with statistics and scientifically proven facts on population development and reproductive health. The motive is to help you understand what we stand for as an organisation and what the campaign #EncourageVoluntaryBirthControl aim to achieve.
Our experiences and those of others serve as lessons learnt. Moving forward, we have a responsibility for this generation and many more to come to guide them so they can make informed decisions. Voluntary birth control has been used by most industrialized countries and to some extent developing countries in helping to overcome their socio economic challenges. As part of the global community it is acceptable to learn from others.
We have now open a platform whereby you can g...et involve by using your voice. Record a 90 seconds or less video of yourself answering these questions:
What does voluntary birth control mean to you?
How will encouraged voluntary birth control benefit your country?
-If you have not like our Facebook or Twitter pages, please do so
-Post the video clip on your wall
-Add our campaign hashtag #EncourageVoluntaryBirthControl your short written message encouraging your friend to do the same
-Tag Sheborn and all your friends to your post
In less than a month our organization will kick start an awareness campaign #EncourageVoluntaryBirthControl The campaign is about us looking into fertility reduction as means to help lessened our socio economic challenges namely; overpopulation, poverty, unemployment, homelessness and crime. We have often seen and supported causes that calls for world peace, ending extreme poverty, job creation initiatives but we have overlooked fertility reduction as part of the solution. Pr...obably our leaders be it political, religious or cultural have thought about it but refrained from uttering a word as it may be misinterpreted as an attack to women. Come to think of it, what if we were to produce enough food and make it freely available for all, create enough jobs to eat up unemployment. The solution will be temporally if we continue to leave fertility unchecked.