Imam Reza(A.S.) lived under the wing of his father, Imam Musa al-Kazim, peace be on him, for twenty five years and some months. He witnessed various kinds of ordeal and misfortune which befell his father, who worried and frightened the 'Abbasid government, for he was the focus of the attention of the Muslims and the pl...

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At this time of greater boldness on the part of the Shias, riots with the Sunnis were not infrequent in Baghdad. In one of these disturbances in 1051 A.D. the Sunni leader was killed in a fight that had ensued when the Shias ventured to put an inscription laudatory of Ali above one of the city gates. The indignation of...

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Name: Musa
Title: Al-Kazim
Kunyat: Abu Ibrahim
Born: at Abwa (between Mecca and Medina) on Sunday the 7th Safar 128 A.H
Father's name: Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq(A.S.).
Mother's name: Hamida Khatoon.
Martyred:aged 55 years at Baghdad on Friday, 25th Rajab 183 A.H.
Poisoned by: Harun-al-Rashid.the ruling Abbasid caliph....

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1 - The affliction is one for the patient and is two for the impatient .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 437)

2 - Taciturnity is a great wisdom . Be silent that it is a good tranquility ,
disencumbrance and cause for decrease of sins .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 414)...

3 - Refrain from joking because it wipes off your spiritual appearance .
(Behar Al-anwar , Vol . 78 , P 321)

4 - Consultation with the wise advisor is a blessing , grace , guidance and success
by God , there fore , if the benevolent wise gave you an opinion , refrain from
oppossing because this causes destruction .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 420)

5 - There is nothing which your eyes can see unless have admonishment .
(Behar Al-anwar , Vol . 78 , P 319)

6 - Verily , God has two authorities over the people . An apparent one and a
hidden one . His apparent authority is the messengers , prophets and Imams ;
and the consealed authority is the people's minds .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 407)

7 - Patience for solitudes is the sign of mind's power , whoever by the Exalted
Glorious God uses his reasoning isolates from the people of this world and its
lovers , and desires what is with God ; God is his companion in horror , friend
in loneliness , wealth in poverty , and houour when have no family or tribe .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 407)

8 - Every thing has an evidence , the evidence for the wise is contemplation and
the evidence for contemplation is silence .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 406)

9 - Verily the most important among the people is the one not caring for worldly
positions ; know that the value of your bodies is nothing but paradise so don't
sell it with other than that .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 410)

10 - The best means by which a slave seeks proximity to God after his ( God's )
recognition is praying , benevolence to parents , and abandonment of envy ,
self - conceit and vaunting .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 412)

11 - God has forbidden his paradise for any shameless foulmouthed person who doesn't
care for what he says or what is said to him .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 416)

12 - Refrain from vanity , because whoever has a grain of vanity in his heart doesn't
enter paradise .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 414)

13 - Associating with the religious individuals is the honour of this world and the
here after .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 420)

14 - Refrain from associating with people and friendship with them unless find a
wise and honest among them , ( if so ) then take him as a friend and escape
from the others as you escape from fierce animals .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 420)

15 - A believer is as the two pans of the scale that whenever his faith increases
his afflictions increase .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 432)

16 - Supererogatory prayers are the way for the believer's closeness to God .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

17 - The caller on the day of judgement calls : let him stand , the one who has to
take wage from God , and nobody stands except for the one who has forgiven and
has made reconciliation among people , so his reward is by God .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 435)

18 - Your aid to the weak is of the best charities .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 437)

19 - He who was condemned with injustice knows its severity .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 437)

20 - Whenever people committed new sins which they didn't use to do , God gives them
new afflictions which they didn't expect .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 434)

21 - Be after deep understanding in religion because this is the key for insight ,
and perfection of worship ; and is the cause for attaining high degrees and
great levels in the affairs of this world and religion .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 434)

22 - Kindness and love to people is half of wisdom .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

23 - Whoever wanted to be the strongest among the popele should depend upon God .
(Behar Al-anwar , Vol . 71 , P 143)

24 - Whoever has two of his days equal to each other is ggpped , whoever had his
second day worse that his first is cursed , whoever sees no increase in himself
is decreasing and whoever is decreasing death is better than life for him .
(Behar Al-anwar , Vol . 78 , P 327)

25 - Is not of us ( the one ) who didn't reckon himself every day , so if did a
good deed ask God for its increase and if did a bad - deed , ask God's
forgiveness and make repentence to him .
(Osool Al-kafi , Vol . 4 , P 191)

26 - Anger is the key to any evil .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 416)

27 - Have patience in obeying and in not disobeying God because this world is only a
short period of time , you don't feel the happiness and sorrow of what has
passed and don't know of what didn't come yet . There fore have patience for
that are in now as if you were happy .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 417)

28 - This world is as the sea - water the more the thirsty ( person ) drink the
more he is thirsty till kill him .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 417)

29 - Every thing has a charity tax and the charity tax for the bodies is recommended
fasting .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

30 - Whoever made supplication before ( thanking and ) praising God and sending
blessing upon the prophet ( p ) is as the one who throws an arrow without a
bowstring .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

31 - Management is half of living .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

32 - Fewness of children is a kind of affluency .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

33 - Whoever made his parents sad , has been ungrateful to them .
(Tohaf Al-okool , P . 425)

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Musa Ibn Ja`far AL - Kazim

The Holy Imam Musa al - Kazim is the Seventh Apostolic Imam . His epithet was Abu'l - Hasan and his famous title was al - Kazim . His matchless devotion and worship of God has also earned him the title of " 'Abdu 's -Salih " ( virtuous slave of God ) . Generosity was synonymous with his name and no beggar ever ret...urned from his door empty handed . Even after his death , he continued to be obliging and was generous to his devotees who came to his holy tomb with prayers and behests which were invariably granted by God . Thus , one of his additional titles is also " Babu 'l - Hawaij " ( the door to fulfilling needs ).

Parents :
The Holy Imam Musa al - Kazim was the son of Imam Ja`far as - Sadiq ,the Sixth Imam . The name of his mother was Hamidah , the daughter of a nobleman hailing from the States of Barbary .

Childhood :
Imam Musa al - Kazim passed twenty years of his sacred life under the gracious patronage of his holy father . His inherent genius and gifted virtues combined with the enlightened guidance and education from the Holy Imam Ja`far as - Sadiq , showed in the manifestation of his future personality . He was fully versed with the Divine Knowledge even in his childhood .
al - `Allamah al - Majlisi relates that once Abu Hanifah happened to call upon the holy abode of Imam Ja`far as - Sadiq to ask him about some religious matters ( masa'il ) . The Imam was asleep and so he kept waiting outside till the Imam's awakening . Meanwhile , Imam Musa al - Kazim , who was then five years old , came out of his house . Abu Hanifah , after offering him his best compliments , enquired :" O the son of the Holy Prophet ! what is your opinion about the deeds of a man ? Does he do them by himself or does God make him do them ? " " O Abu Hanifah " , the five years old Imam replied at once , in the typical tone of his ancestors , " the doings of a man are confined to three possibilities . First , that God alone does them while the man is quite helpless . Second , that both God and the man do equally share the commitment . Third , that man does them alone . Now , if the first assumption is true , it obviously proves the unjustness of God who punishes His creatures for sins which they have not committed . And if the second condition be acceptable , even then God becomes unjust if He punishes the man for the crimes in which He is equally a partner . But the undesirability of both these conditions is evident in the case of God . Thus , we are naturally left with the third alternative to the problem that men are absolutely responsible for their own doings . "

Imamate :
The Holy Imam Ja`far as - Sadiq breathed his last on 25th Shawwal 148 AH , and with effect from the same date Imam Musa al - Kazim succeeded the holy office of Imamate as the Seventh Imam . The period of his Imamate continued for thirty - five years . In the first decade of his Imamate , Imam Musa al - Kazim could afford a peaceful execution of the responsibilities of his sacred office and carried on the propagation of the teachings of the Holy Prophet . But soon after , he fell a victim to the ruling kings and a greater part of his life passed in prison .

Political Condition :
Imam Musa al - Kazim lived under the most crucial times in the regimes of the despotic `Abbasid kings who were marked for their tyrannical and cruel administration . He witnessed the reigns of al-Mansur ad - Dawaniqi , al-Mahdi and Harun ar - Rashid . al - Mansur and Harun ar - Rashid were the despotic kings who put a multitude of innocent descendants of the Holy Prophet to the sword . Thousands of these martyrs were buried alive inside walls or put into horrible dark prisons during their lifetime . These depraved caliphs knew no pity or justice and they killed and tortured for the pleasure they derived from human sufferings .
The Holy Imam was saved from the tyranny of al - Mansur because the king , being occupied with his project of constructing the new city of Baghdad , could not get time to turn towards victimizing the Imam . By 157 AH the city of Baghdad was built . This was soon followed by the death of its founder a year later . After al - Mansur , his son al - Mahdi ascended the throne . For a few years he remained indifferent towards the Imam . When in 164 AH he came to Medina and heard about the great reputation of the Imam ,he could not resist his jealousy and the spark of his ancestral malice against the Ahlu 'l - bayt was rekindled . He somehow managed to take the Imam along with him to Baghdad and got him imprisoned there . But after a year he realized his mistake and released the Imam from jail . al - Mahdi was succeeded by al - Hadi who lived only for a year . Now , in 170 AH ,the most cruel and tyrannical king Harun ar - Rashid appeared at the head of the `Abbasid Empire . It was during his reign that the Holy Imam passed the greater part of his life in a miserable prison till he was poisoned .

Moral and Ethical Excellence :
As regards his morality and ethical excellence , Ibn Hajar al - Haytami remarks : " The patience and forbearance of Imam Musa al - Kazim was such that he was given the title of `al - Kazim' ( one who swallows down his anger ) . He was the embodiment of virtue and generosity . He devoted his nights to the prayers of God and his days to fasting . He always forgave those who did wrong to him , " His kind and generous attitude towards the people was such that he used to patronize and help the poor and destitutes of Medina and provide for them cash , food , clothes and other necessitities of sustenance secretly . It continued to be a riddle for the receivers of gifts throughout the Imam's lifetime as to who their benefactor was , but the secret was not revealed until after his death .

Literary Attainments :
Time and circumstances did not permit the Holy Imam Musa al - Kazim to establish institutions to impart religious knowledge to his followers as his father , Imam Ja`far as - Sadiq and his grandfather , Imam Muhammad al-Baqir had done . He was never allowed to address a congregation . He carried on his mission of preaching and guiding people quietly .

Death :
In 179 AH , Harun ar - Rashid visited Medina . The fire of malice and jealousy against the Ahlu 'l - bayt was kindled in his heart when he saw the great influence and popularity which the Holy Imam enjoyed amongst the people there . He got the Imam arrested while he was busy in prayer at the tomb of the Holy Prophet and kept him in prison in Baghded for a period of about four years . On the 25th Rajab 183 AH , he got the Imam martyred by poison . Even his corpse was not spared humiliation and was taken out of the prison and left on the Bridge of Baghdad . His devotees , however , managed to lay the holy body of the Imam to rest in al - Kazimiyyah ( Iraq ).

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Imam Kazim (A.S.) Stories: 5. Dissimulation in performing ablution

Imam Kazim (A.S.) Stories: 4. Restraint in dealing with enemies

Imam Kazim (A.S.) Stories: 3. Imam (A.S.) foretells the future

Imam Kazim (A.S.) Stories: 2. A bankrupt friend

Imam Kazim (A.S.) Stories: 1. Imam’s indefinite knowledge