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- Postgraduate student of the École pratique des hautes études (EPHE),
contemporary historiography, area studies and social sciences methodology. University in Paris instituted by scholars such as Fernand Braudel, Jacques Le Goff or François Furet. F. Braudel succeeded in 1962 to L. Febvre and concentrated the various study groups at its present emplacement on boulevard Raspail, in part by a financing from the Ford Foundation.
Today, the EHESS is one of France's prestigious Grands Établissements. It functions as a research, teaching, and degree-granting institution. It offers advanced students high-level programs intended to lead to research careers. Students are admitted by dossier and undertake at the EHESS master programs and doctoral studies. The main areas of specialization include: history, literary theory, linguistics, philosophy, philology, sociology, anthropology, economics, cognitive science, demographics, geography, archaeology, psychology, law, and mathematics, although the institution's focus is on interdisciplinary research within these fields. The EHESS currently hosts more than 80 research centers (among which several joint research units with the CNRS) and 22 doctoral programs, 13 of which in partnership with other French Universities and Grandes Écoles.
Influence from the Annales School
Lucien Febvre and Fernand Braudel were members of the École des Annales, the dominant school of historical analysis in France during the interwar period. However, this school of thought was contested by the growing importance of the social sciences and the beginning of structuralism. Under pressure from Claude Lévi-Strauss, in particular, they integrated new contributions from the fields of sociology and ethnography to event-based historical analysis, a concept put forward the Annales school, to advocate for the concept of "a nearly imperceptible passage of history". They were reproached, along with the structuralists, for ignoring politics and the individual's influence over his fate during a period in which the colonial wars of emancipation were taking place.
The work of Braudel, Le Roy Ladurie and other historians working under their influence greatly affected the research and official teaching of history in France beginning in the 1960s. The work of Jean-Marie Pesez renewed interest in the issue of methodology in medieval archeology and created the idea of "material culture".
During the 1970s, EHESS became the center of New History under the influence of Jacques Le Goff and Pierre Nora. During this period, a generation of ethnologists working under the ideas of Georges Balandier and Marc Augé were critical of the French colonial tradition and applied modern sociological concepts to third world countries.
Pierre Bourdieu, Luc Boltanski, Robert Castel, Alain Touraine, Jean-Claude Passeron have all been associated with EHESS. The most notable sociologists currently teaching there include Jean-Louis Fabiani, Michel Wieviorka and Bruno Karsenti.
Past and present faculty (including EPHE's VI Section):
•Fernando Henrique Cardoso
•Algirdas Julien Greimas
•Pierre Hadot (1964-86)
•Jacques Le Goff
•Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
•Moisés Espírito Santo
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